Tuesday, May 7, 2013

Queen Wilhelmina

Queen Wilhelmina was queen of the Netherlands for 58 years, from 1890 to 1948. Because she was only 10 years old in 1890, her mother, Queen Emma, was the regent until Wilhelmina's 18th birthday in 1898.

She guided the Netherlands through World War I and was able to stay neutral.  She was always wary of a German attack, especially in the beginning. However, the chief violation of Dutch sovereignty was the Allied blockade. After the war, the popularity of the young Queen helped restore confidence in the government. Wilhelmina brought about a mass show of support by riding with her daughter through the crowds in an open carriage.

During World War II, the Germans invaded the Netherlands. Queen Wilhelmina and her family fled to Britain, planning to return as soon as possible.  She took charge of the Dutch government in exile, setting up a chain of command and immediately communicating a message to her people. Following the end of World War II, Queen Wilhelmina traveled through the countryside to motivate people, sometimes using a bicycle instead of a car.

In 1947, bad health caused her to considered abdication but her daughter Juliana pressed her to stay on for the stability of the nation, urging her to complete 60 years on the throne. Wilhelmina tried to comply, but exhaustion forced her to relinquish her monarchial duties to her daughter on May 12, 1948.  On September 4, 1948, she abdicated in favor of her daughter Juliana.  Throughout he reign, Queen Wilhelmina remained popular with her people.

Just a few miles from my hometown of Mena on the top of Rich Mountain is Queen Wilhelmina State Park.  The state park is located on the sight of the Wilhelmina Inn that was opened in 1898.  Because many of the investors were Dutch, the luxury hotel was named for the newly crowned Queen Wilhelmina.   A suite of rooms was located in the southeast corner of the second floor and named for Wilhelmina in the hope she would visit. Soon, Wilhelmina Inn became known as the "Castle in the Sky."  The mountaintop Inn with its breathtaking scenery, fine accommodations and exquisite service, only lasted a few years.  The inn closed in 1910.

The site was abandoned and the inn fell into disrepair.  In 1957 plans were made for a new state park on the site where Wilhelmina Inn had been.  Plans were made to construct a new lodge on the site of the original inn.  The new inn opened it doors on June 22, 1963.  The new building, which was not as grand as the original hotel, contained 17 guest rooms and a restaurant.  Occupying the same site as the first inn, the second structure was built with some of the rockwork still remaining from its predecessor.  Operated for 10 years by the State of Arkansas as an Arkansas State Parks lodge, the facility was a popular travel attraction until, on the evening of November 10, 1973, a fire that began in the kitchen area destroyed it.

To carry on the lodging tradition atop Rich Mountain, Arkansas State Parks replaced the inn with a $3 million lodge that opened in 1975. Today, this lodge is the crowning attraction of Queen Wilhelmina State Park. The lodge is currently closed while undergoing a major renovation.  It will reopen later this year.

Queen Wilhelmina State Park is one of our favorite places to visit. The views from the top of Rich Mountain are spectacular. Here are some photos I have taken at Queen Wilhelmina over the years.

Sky Boardwalk

Talimena Sunset 2

Smoky Winter Morning

Clouds Over TheTalimena Drive

One of our family's favorite things to do at Queen Wilhelmina State Park is to ride the miniature train. We have been riding the train for almost 30 years. Here is a picture taken in 1981 with my mother, my wife, and my daughter riding the train.

Queen Wilhelmina Train 1981

This picture was taken in 2008 while my wife and I were riding the train with my daughter and our grand daughters

Queen Wilhelmina Train 2008

With a spectacular mountaintop setting and breathtaking panoramic scenery, Queen Wilhelmina State Park is great place to visit.

The ABC Wednesday Meme is a fun way to see some great blogs.


  1. The Netherlands and their Queens certainly have been in the news the last week or two. Kate, ABC Team

  2. Thank you, Richie for this tribute to our first Queen. I saw the photo of the young Wilhelmina and was attracted to your post. Thank you for sharing. My post is about her great-grandson's speech addressed to his mother Queen Beatrix, now princess Beatrix.Have a great day in your beautiful surroundings!
    Wil, ABCW Team.

  3. Our town, Albany, has a rich Dutch heritage, with a visit a few years ago by the now-king of the Netherlands,
    ROG, ABC Wednesday team

  4. Delightful. I always wondered what your banner meant.
    Fascinating history. I'm glad there will be a lodge in full swing again.

  5. Oh how fascinating!! I loved the background and the (for me) surprising link to Arkansas. I hope you post a follow-up when the renovated lodge is up and functioning.

  6. Beautiful pictures and a wonderful post! Love history!

  7. Wonderful and enriching post! I have never been anywhere except Heber Springs in Arkansas (I know, how exciting is that!?!) Someday I would love to return and travel through the mountainous regions, the replaced lodge would be a great stop!

  8. Love the connections to Amsterdam and the royals! How fascinating, hope the new lodge will be in full gear soon.

  9. What a wonderful tribute.

    Rose, ABC Wednesday Team

  10. We don't hear much of Queens from other countries.
    It's nice to hear new stories about other Queens.
    Thanks for posting it.